Types of Gestures
What are the types of gestures?
How illustrator gestures are used
Illustrators and deception
What do manipulator gestures look like?
Examples of manipulator gestures
When manipulator gestures are used
There are large individual differences in how often people show manipulators and which they typically use. We often observe an increase with discomfort (emotionally, physically, psychologically), though the use of manipulators can also increase when people feel more relaxed and "let their hair down". These types of gestures are often at the edge of people’s consciousness meaning we can have conscious awareness and control over them, but most people cannot suppress them for very long as people are accustomed to performing these behaviors.
The amount of time a manipulator is used varies largely. Some of the brief ones may appear to have a purpose (such as rearranging hair or a part of the body is scratched), whereas those that last a long time often seem to be purposeless (such as twisting hair, rubbing fingers or tapping feet).
Manipulator gestures and deception
Examples of emblem gestures
Emblems are most frequently expressed with the hands, though can also be communicated through the head, shoulders, and face.
Here are some familiar Western emblems, categorized by body part:
- Hands/fingers: giving someone the finger, the "OK" thumb-to-index finger sign, a wave hello or goodby, a hand-to-ear "please speak louder", a "come-here" beckoning hand movement, a hitchhiker’s thumb
- Head: a head-nod yes or head-shake no
- Body: a shoulder shrug
When emblem gestures are used
Emblem gestures and deception
Learn to recognize and respond to the emotional expressions of others with our online micro expressions training tools to increase your ability to detect deception and catch subtle emotional cues.
Expand your knowledge of emotional skills and competencies with in-person workshops offered through Paul Ekman International.
Build your emotional vocabulary with the Atlas of Emotions, a free, interactive learning tool created by Drs. Paul and Eve Ekman at the request of the Dalai Lama.