The following image sets provide a selection of the most popular images used in Paul Ekman’s original research. Each set of photographs highlights facial features which express a specific emotion; these images are still used in academic studies today.
The copyright for these images belongs exclusively to Paul Ekman. Photographs are priced and licensed accordingly. Purchase of these image sets entitles users to include them in noncommercial (academic research) publications or for personal use. You may not distribute the photos to third parties. If you require information on commercial licensing rights, please contact us before publication.
All image sets are purchased as a downloadable zipped file at available resolutions. Please see details about image size, file format and other normative data.
Pictures of Facial Affect (POFA)
The POFA collection consists of 110 photographs of facial expressions that have been widely used in cross-cultural studies, and more recently, in neuropsychological research. All images are black and white. A brochure providing norms is included with the collection.
Emotions Revealed Photo Set
This collection contains fifteen black and white photographs from Paul Ekman's book 'Emotions Revealed.' This set includes one neutral expression and two each of the seven different emotions.
Duchenne/Non-Duchenne Smile Photos
These photographs demonstrate the difference between the true enjoyment smile, and the social smile. This collection consists of two black and white photographs and two color photographs.
Unmasking the Face Photo Set
This collection of seven black and white photographs from Paul Ekman’s book ‘Unmasking the Face’ illustrate each of the seven universal emotions – anger, fear, disgust, contempt, surprise, sadness, and happiness.
New Guinea Man Photo Set 1
This collection was first used in the 1971 Nebraska Symposium on Motivation where Paul Ekman presented on Universal and Cultural Differences in Facial Expressions of Emotion. The collection includes four black and white photographs in which members of a Stone Age tribe from New Guinea were asked to pose emotions.
New Guinea Man Photo Set 2
This collection of four black and white photographs show members of a Stone Age tribe from New Guinea posing expressions of happiness, anger, disgust and sadness. These images were first used by Paul Ekman in the Afterword which appeared in his edited edition of ‘Darwin’s Expression of Emotions in Man and Animals.’ These photos are often used to illustrate the universality of emotional expression.